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History

Guilford County was named for Francis North and was formed in 1771 from parts of Rowan County and Orange County. The Quaker church played a major role in the European settlement of the county, and numerous Quakers still live in Guilford County today. In 1781, the Battle of Guilford Court House was fought in present-day Greensboro between Generals Charles Cornwallis and Nathanael Greene during the American Revolution. This battle was a turning point in the Revolutionary War in the South.

In 1779 the southern third of Guilford County became Randolph County. In 1785 the northern half of its remaining territory became Rockingham County. Due to the large number of Quakers living in Guilford, the county was a stop on the famous Underground Railroad. Levi Coffin, one of the founders of the "railroad", was a Guilford County native.


In 1891, Guilford County became the state's first and only publicly supported institution of higher learning for women, the State Normal and Industrial School. In 1932, the school became the Women's College of North Carolina when it joined with the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and NC State University in Raleigh to form the Consolidated University of North Carolina. From the 1930's to the 1960's the Women's College was the third-largest women's university in the world. The school's name was changed a final time in 1963 when it began admitting men; it is now known as the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. In 1960 Guilford County helped spark a major development in the American civil rights movement when four black students from the North Carolina A&T State University in Greensbboro started the first civil rightst sit-in.

For more information about Guilford County History, please click here


  This Guilford County website page is for History, Facts, Archives, Records, Museums, Exhibits, Documents, Genealogy, Libraries, Historians, Research, Historic Preservation, Ancestry and Statistics in Guilford County, Greensboro, High Point, Jamestown, Oak Ridge, Pleasant Garden, Sedalia, Stokesdale, Summerfield, Whitsett, Colfax, Browns Summit, Gibsonville, Archdale, Forest Oaks and McLeansville. Places of interest in Guilford County include Bicentennial Greenway, Bryan Park at Guilford, Bur-Mil Park, Gibson Park, Guilford-Mackintosh Park, Northeast Park, Southwest Park, Triad Park, First Horizon Park, Greensboro Historical Museum, Greensboro Cultural Center, Greensboro Children's Museum, Bennett College for Women, Greensboro College, Guilford College, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, The Greensboro Coliseum Complex, and Piedmont Triad International Airport.

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